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© All rights reserved
Guenter Ellenberg

 

All translations into English by Matthias Naumann, Germany and Bill Kohler, Ohio-USA  

Chapalichthys encaustus

JORDAN & SNYDER, 1900

Chapalichthys encaustus JORDAN & SNYDER, 1900
Characodon encaustus JORDAN & SNYDER, 1900
Chaplichthys encaustus MEEK, 1902

English name:
Barred Goodeid

Family:
Goodeidae JORDAN, 1923

Subfamily:
Goodeinae JORDAN, 1923

Original description:
JORDAN, D S. & SNYDER, J. O. (1900): Notes on a collection of  fishes from the rivers of Mexico, with description of twenty new species. Bulletin. U.S. Fish COMM, 1899: pp. 115 - 147.

Derivation of the species name:
encaustus (Greek) = burned (refers to the black stripes along the body sides).

Type locality:
Lago de Chapala, nearby Ocotlan, Jalisco, Mexico.

Meristic properties:
Dorsal fin = 15-18 rays;
Anal fin = 15-17 rays;
 

Keeping Chapalichthys encaustus is not difficult. Aquariums of 100 litres or more are sufficient for a school of this species. The temperature should vary between 18 °C and 22 °C.

In its natural habitat the fish probably predominantly eat live food. This has to be considered if these fish are kept in an aquarium. Nonetheless, they accept flakes without any problems. The males reach approx. 6 cm, the females approx. 8 cm length.

Breeding is simple. After a gestation of approx. 6-8 weeks up to 50 young are released. However one has to be aware of the fact that the older fish will go after their young. Because of this pursuit a luxurious planting of the aquarium is very important in getting young. Due to the size of the young after birth (approx. 15 mm) there are no problems raising the fry.

In its natural environment Chapalichthys prefers the open water. Along the bank only young fish and highly pregnant females could be discovered in the vegetation.

This fish is a good and strong swimmer that can be very fast over short distances.

During his intensive observations at the Lago de Chapala BRIAN KABBES did not observe the fish snatching insects from air as is frequently published.

The three examined populations did not differ in the design of their bodies.

 

 

218-Chapalichthys encaustus 01
Taken from: Aqualog publishing company
Title: all Livebearers and Halfbeaks,
Photo by: J.C. Merino
Habitat: Laguna de Chapala, Rio Grande de Santiago, Jalisco, Mexico.
Habitat: Rio Tanhuato, Michoacán, Mexico, bred in captivity, couple, 6 and 8 cm.

 

 

219-Chapalichthys encaustus 02


Taken from: Aqualog publishing company
Title: all Livebearers and Halfbeaks,
Photo by: J.C. Merino
Habitat: Laguna de Chapala, Rio Grande de Santiago, Jalisco, Mexico.
Habitat: Rio Tanhuato, Michoacán, Mexico, bred in captivity, male, 6 cm.

 

 

220-Chapalichthys encaustus 03


Taken from: Aqualog publishing company
Title: all Livebearers and Halfbeaks,
Photo by: E. Puerzl.
Habitat: Laguna de Chapala, Rio Grande de Santiago, Jalisco, Mexico.
Habitat: Rio Tanhuato, Michoacán, Mexico, bred in captivity, male, 6 cm.

 

 

779-Chapalasee-Fernando-Romero
Habitat: Lake-Chapala, Jalisco, Mexico
Photo by: Fernando Romero

 

 

 

780-Chapalasee-Fernando-Romero
Habitat: Lake-Chapala, Jalisco, Mexico
Photo by: Fernando Romero

 

 

 

781-Rio-Teuchitlan-Fernando-Romero
Habitat: Lake-Chapala, Jalisco, Mexico
Photo by: Fernando Romero

 

 

 

782-Chapalasee-Fernando-Romero-03
Chapalichthys encaustus
Habitat: Lake-Chapala, Jalisco, Mexico
Photo by: Fernando Romero

 

 

 

784-Lago-Orandino-Jose-Corona
Habitat: Lake-Orandino, Michoacán, Mexico
Photo by: José Corona

 

 

785-Lago-Orandino-Jose-Corona
Habitat: Lake-Orandino, Michoacán, Mexico
Photo by: José Corona

 

 

Literatur of:

508-Kees de Jong

 

Chapalichthys encaustus (Jordan & Snyder, 1900)

(1990): Hooglandkarpers (vervolg). Poecilia Nieuws (5): 82-84

J. Alvarez (1963): Ictiologia Michoacana III. Los peces de San Juanico y de Tocumbo. Mich.. An. Esc. Nac. Cienc. Biol. (12): 111-138

O. Böhm (1985): Het Mexicaanse hoogland; leefgebied van de Goodeidae. TI'H (41): 9-11

J. Dawes (1997): Goodeiden Teil 3: Allgemeine Hinweise zur Pflege und Zucht sowie Kurzbeschreibungen zu einigen Arten (1). Das Aquarium (342): 16-19

I. Dibble (1999): Hobbyist Aqua Lab Conservation Group "Mexico" Dagboek over de veldtrip 2. Poecilia Nieuws (6): 117-126

I. Dibble (2000): Fish Ark Project - Mexico. Viviparous (49): 0-

H. Hieronimus (1993): Biochemische Systematik der Goodeiden. DGLZ-Rundschau (3): 63-63

K. de Jong (1995): Nieuwe soorten in Nederland. Poecilia Nieuws (6): 108-109

K. de Jong (2004): Auf der Suche nach den Schwertträgern Mexiko 2002 (Teil 2). Das Lebendgebärenden Magazin (1): 5-17

D.S. Jordan & J.O. Snyder (1900): Notes on a collection of fishes from the rivers of Mexico with description of twenty new species. Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission (): 115-147

B. Kabbes (1999): Vangreis van Brian en Simone Kabbes, Mexico 1998 Conclusies en bevindingen Familie Goodeidae. Poecilia Nieuws (2): 22-35

D. Lambert (1995): Chapalichthys encaustus. Viviparous (29): 0-

S.E. Meek (1902): A contribution to the ichthyology of Mexico. Field Columbian Museum - Zoology (6): 63-1128

S.E. Meek (1904): The fresh water fishes of Mexico north of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec. Field Columbian Museum - Zoology (5): 1-252

J. de Moree (2001): Chapalichthys encaustus. Poecilia Nieuws (2): 25-26

M.L. Smith, T.M. Cavender & R.R. Miller (1975): Climatic and biogeographic significance of a fish fauna from the late pliocene-early pleistocene of the lake Chapala basin. Papers on paleontology Univ. Michigan (12): 29-38

E. Soto-Galera et al (1998): Fish as indicators of environmental quality in the RĂ­o Lerma Basin, MĂ©xico. Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management (1): 267-276

E.C. Taylor (1984): Hooglandkarpers (vervolg). Poecilia Nieuws (3): 4-7