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© All rights reserved
Guenter Ellenberg

 

All translations into English by Matthias Naumann, Germany and Bill Kohler, Ohio-USA  

Chapalichthys peraticus

English name:
Spotted Goodeid

Family:
Goodeidae JORDAN, 1923.

Subfamily:
Goodeinae JORDAN, 1923.

Original description:
ALVAREZ, J. (1963): Ictiologia Michoac√°na. 3. Los peces de San Juanico y de Tocumbo, Mich. Ann. Esc. Nac. Cienc. Biol. 12 (1 - 4): pp. 111 - 138.

Derivation of the species name:
peraticus (Greek) = alien.

Type locality:
San Juanico, Cotija: Michoac√°n, Mexiko.

Meristic properties:
Dorsal fin = 13-15 rays;
Anal fin = 14-16 rays;
Pectoral fin = 14-16 rays;

 

BRIAN KABBES observed this species in 1998 in Mexico. In his opinion it is uncertain, whether it is a real species or rather it is the same as Chapalichthys pardalis.

Chapalichthys peraticus occurs in the south-western part of the Chapala lake.  The well-known type locality at Laguna (Presa) San Juanico is critically endangered as a consequence of human activity.  Large parts of the marshy area were drained in order to cultivate sugar-cane.

This species has been found approximately 25 kilometres north-west of Laguna San Juanico (in the proximity of Jaripo). Because of the pattern covering their bodies, Chapalichthys peraticus reminds one strongly of Chapalichthys pardalis.

The variation among the population was only small and limited to minor differences in the spots covering the fish. The proportion of the sexes might have been 50/50.  The population density was rather low however.

 

 

233-Chapalichthys peraticus 01
Taken from: Aqualog publishing company
Title: all Livebearers and Halfbeaks,
Photo by: E. Puerzl
Habitat: Lago de Quitzeo, Michoac√°n, Mexico; wild form, female, 6,5 cm.

 

 

Literature by:

508-Kees de Jong

 

Chapalichthys peraticus Alvarez, 1963

J. Alvarez (1963): Ictiologia Michoacana III. Los peces de San Juanico y de Tocumbo. Mich.. An. Esc. Nac. Cienc. Biol. (12): 111-138

B. Kabbes (1999): Vangreis van Brian en Simone Kabbes, Mexico 1998 Conclusies en bevindingen Familie Goodeidae. Poecilia Nieuws (2): 22-35

C. Sciarone (2008): Chapalichthys peraticus Alvarez, 1963. Poecilia Nieuws (3): 54-55

Characodon audax Smith & Miller, 1986

J.M. Artigas Azas (2002): Characodon Pradawni przodkowie rodziny Goodeidae. Akwa Forum (april): 5-13

J.M. Artigas Azas (2003): Characodon, the ancient Goodeids. Tropical Fish Hobbyist (May): 72-76

T. Bauer (2007): Beobachtungen zur einfacher Unterscheidung der Weibchen einiger Goodeidenarten. DGLZ-Rundschau (1): 41-41

D. Bork (1986): Ein neue Goodeiden-Art. ZAG Lebendgebärende Zahnkarpfen (3): 5-5

I. Dibble (1999): Goodeiden im Norden Mexikos. DGLZ-Rundschau (2): 61-63

U. Dost (2008): Op zoek naar de 'zwarte prins' en de regenbooggoodeiden. Het Aquarium (6): 4-9

H. Hieronimus (1987): Characodon audax, Smith & Miller, een nieuwe goodeidae. Poecilia Nieuws (4): 52-55

H. Hieronimus (1987): Characodon audax, Smith & Miller, 1986. DGLZ-Rundschau (1): 4-7

K. de Jong (1992): Hoe lang nog?. Picasso onder water (): 0-

K. de Jong (1994): Bijeenkomst van Poecilia Scandinavi√ę. Poecilia Nieuws (4): 72-75

B. Kabbes (2001): Characodon audax in de natuur uitgestorven?. Poecilia Nieuws (2): 34-35

M. Kempkes (2007): Die aquaristisch bedeutsamen Goodeiden-Arten. Aquaristik Fachmagazin (197): 12-17

M. Köck (2003): Goodeiden im Tiergarten Schönbrunn. Das Lebendgebärenden Magazin (1): 13-14

M. Köck (2005): Das Mexiko-Haus im Wiender Tiergarten Schönbrunn. Das Lebendgebärenden Magazin (3&4): 15-20

M. Köck (2006): Lebendgebärende in Zoologische Gärten VIII: Das Mexiko-Haus im Tiergarten Schönbrunn im Wien. DGLZ-Rundschau (3): 98-102

D. Kunath (1990): Die Kreuzung Characodon lateralis G√ľnther, 1866 mit Characodon audax Smith & Miller, 1986. ZAG Lebendgeb√§rende Zahnkarpfen (2): 7-9

D. Kunath (1990): Die Kreuzung von Characodon lateratlis G√ľnther, 1866 mit Characodon audax Smith & Miller, 1986. DGLZ-Rundschau (4): 4-5

D. Lambert (0): Characodon audax Smith & Miller, 1986. Viviparous (15): 0-

D. Lambert (1992): Forgotten rainbows. Practical Fishkeeping (Februari): 54-

D. Lambert (1994): Introducing goodeids. Livebearers (133): 13-21

D. Lambert (1995): The livebearer world More Goodeids. Tropical Fish Hobbyist (5): 162-164

D. Lambert (1997): The livebearer world: Goodeids of the genus Characodon. Tropical Fish Hobbyist (September): 146-150

J.K. Langhammer (1986): The lost treasure of the Aztecs Part VII- an update on the goodeids. Livebearers (91): 5-8

J. Lyons (2005): Goodeiden in de natuur (slot). Poecilia Nieuws (1): 24-27

D. Macallister (2007): Characodon audax. Livebearer News (18): 18-19

E. Meinema (1990): Kleine hooglandkarpers. Het Aquarium (9): 209-212

P.J. Mellegers (1996): Ervaringen met Characodon audax. Poecilia Nieuws (2): 30-33

P.J. Mellegers (1998): Characodon audax, de 'Zwarte Prins'. Het Aquarium (10): 263-265

J. de Moree (1999): De zwarte prins of zwarte regenboog is terug. Poecilia Nieuws (1): 11-13

A.J. Rothwell (0): My favorite livebearer. Viviparous (45): 0-

A.J. Rothwell (0): Observations on spawning Characodon audax. Viviparous (4): 0-

M.L. Smith & R.R. Miller (1986): Mexican Goodeid fish of the genus Characodon, with description of a new species. American Museum Novitates (2851): 1-14

D. Speirs (1988): Livebearer taxonomy: a race between discovery and extinction. Livebearers (97): 6-8

G. Teichmann (2009): Die Gattung Characodon. Das Lebendgebärenden Magazin (1): 9-14
G. Teichmann (2010): Die Gattung Characodon Teil II. Das Lebendgebärenden Magazin (1): 8-14

U. Werner (2001): Der schwarze Prinz. Das Aquarium (380): 13-15

U. Werner (2006): Der schwarze Prinz. VDA-aktuell (2): 12-15

 

peraticus, Chapalichthys Alvarez 1963: 123 [An. Esc. Nac. Cienc. Biol. Mex. v. 12 (nos. 1-4); ref. 901]. Presa San Juanico, near Cotija, Michoacan, Mexico. Holotype: not researched. Paratypes: (180) UNAL 1002 [ex IPN-P731] (8). Type catalog: Contreras-Balderas et al. 1998:5 [ref. 23752]. Valid as Chapalichthys peraticus Alvarez 1963 -- (Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:40 [ref. 22290]). Chapalichthys peraticus Alvarez 1963, Goodeidae: Goodeinae. Habitat: freshwater.